The month of February is dedicated to Burn Awareness. We have some easy prevention steps to help you and your loved ones stay safe.
BURN and SCALD PREVENTION TIPS
Every day, 300 young children with burn injuries are taken to emergency rooms. They weren’t even near a flame. The children are victims of scalds. Scald burns (caused by hot liquids, steam, or foods) are the most common burn injury among children age 4 and younger. Mortality rates from scalds are highest for children under age 4. While the injuries and the numbers are distressing, even more disturbing is the fact that many of these burns could have been prevented.
Tap water scalds are often more severe than cooking-related scalds.
■ Teach children that hot things can burn. Install anti-scald devices on tub faucets and shower heads.
■ Always supervise a child in or near a bathtub.
■ Lower water heater temperature settings to 120* F (49*c) or less.
■ Before placing a child in the bath or getting in the bath yourself, test the water.
■ Test the water by moving your hand, wrist and forearm through the water. The water should feel warm, not hot, to the touch.
Scalds also often occur in the kitchen or dining room. Many of these can be prevented.
► Have a “Kid-Free Zone” of at least 3’ around the stove and areas where hot food or drink is prepared or carried.
► Use oven mitts/pot holders.
► Open microwaved food slowly, away from the face.
► Allow microwaved food to cool before eating. Be sure to mix contents thoroughly to avoid any hot spots.
► Choose prepackaged soups whose containers have a wide base or, to avoid the possibility of a spill, pour the soup into a traditional bowl.
► Never heat a baby bottle in a microwave oven.
► Never hold a child while you are cooking, drinking a hot liquid, or carrying hot foods or liquids.
► Turn pot handles inward
► Place hot liquids and foods in the center of a table or toward the back of a counter.
Burns are one of the most common household injuries. Severe burns should be treated by a doctor, but mild burns can be treated at home.
1. Run cool tap water over the burn for at least 5 minutes. Do not use very cold water or ice. If the burned area is on the hand or foot, fill a bowl with cool water and allow the burn to soak.
2. Dry the burn gently by patting, not rubbing. Apply aloe vera gel or a soothing burn gel to the area.
3. Apply a clean, loose dressing to keep the burn covered during the healing process. Do not wrap the burn tightly.
5. Call your doctor if you notice any severe redness, blistering or streaking.
** Should the burn be severe call 9-1-1 immediately.**
For more information, please visit: www.ameriburn.org, www.nfpa.org/education or www.safekids.org